I ran into this problem after rushing through the setup and installation of SharePoint 2010. In short, when trying to create a new import connection for user profiles in SharePoint 2010, nothing happened.
Literally, nothing happened. I filled in the nice form to create a new connection, chose the correct AD containers, but upon hitting OK, the import connections page just said that the query did not return any results, and no connection got created.
So, I ran through the logs (and by gods, I love the new logs) but sadly no help there either. Even when setting the entire SharePoint Foundation section to Medium in the Diagnostic Logging section, I only got a couple of “Entering monitored scope” for _layouts/EditDSServer.aspx when entering the page and right after submitting, the same message for _layouts/MgrDSServer.aspx, but nothing even close to an error message between.
I’ve seen several posts on error messages such as being unable to connect to the database, requiring an IIS Reset, but nothing explaining why I couldn’t even create a new connection.
However, after carefully following the most recent blog post from the Microsoft SharePoint Team Blog and then doing a reverse engineering of the process, I slapped my forehead and delegated the AD “Replicate Directory Changes” permission to the SP Admin account used for setting up the profile connection, and thus solving the problem.
I strongly encourage you to follow the blog post. Well, except their encouragement not to test and play around, though
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